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The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were soon joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form a seven member "brotherhood".

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular, they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast, they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant-garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of mimesis, or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform-movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published a periodical, The Germ, to promote their ideas. Their debates were recorded in the Pre-Raphaelite Journal.

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Britomart, 1865 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Britomart, 1865
George Frederick Watts
'Take the Fair Face of Woman, and Gently Suspending... - Sophie Gengembre Anderson - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
'Take the Fair Face of Woman, and Gently Suspending...
Sophie Gengembre Anderson
A Hamadryad  1893 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Hamadryad 1893
John William Waterhouse
Demeter Mourning for Persephone 1906 - Evelyn Pickering De Morgan - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Demeter Mourning for Persephone 1906
Evelyn Pickering De Morgan
A Naiad, study 1893 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Naiad, study 1893
John William Waterhouse
Boreas  1903 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Boreas 1903
John William Waterhouse
The Birth of Pegasus & Chrysaor from the Blood of Medusa... - Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Birth of Pegasus & Chrysaor from the Blood of Medusa...
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones
Elegant lady with a bouquet of roses - Emile Vernon - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Elegant lady with a bouquet of roses
Emile Vernon
Midsummer Eve - Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S. - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Midsummer Eve
Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S.
The Mermaid study  1892 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Mermaid study 1892
John William Waterhouse
Ariadne  1898 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Ariadne 1898
John William Waterhouse
Lamia  1905 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Lamia 1905
John William Waterhouse
Monna Vanna 1866 - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Monna Vanna 1866
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Apollo and Daphne  1908 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Apollo and Daphne 1908
John William Waterhouse
Hylas and the Nymphs  1896 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Hylas and the Nymphs 1896
John William Waterhouse
A Flower Stall 1880 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Flower Stall 1880
John William Waterhouse
The Lady of Shalott  1888 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Lady of Shalott 1888
John William Waterhouse
A Pythagorean School invaded by Sybarites, 1887 - Michele Tedesco - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Pythagorean School invaded by Sybarites, 1887
Michele Tedesco
Endymion   1 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Endymion 1
George Frederick Watts
A Mermaid  1900 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Mermaid 1900
John William Waterhouse
Salome with the Head of John the Baptist, 1882 - Jean Baptiste Hippolyte de Vergeses - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Salome with the Head of John the Baptist, 1882
Jean Baptiste Hippolyte de Vergeses
A Song of Springtime  1913 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Song of Springtime 1913
John William Waterhouse
Helen Of Troy - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Helen Of Troy
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Cleopatra  651888 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Cleopatra 651888
John William Waterhouse
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