The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were soon joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form a seven member "brotherhood".

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular, they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast, they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant-garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of mimesis, or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform-movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published a periodical, The Germ, to promote their ideas. Their debates were recorded in the Pre-Raphaelite Journal.

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Page 3 of 89   Paintings: 1065
A Flower Stall 1880 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Flower Stall 1880
John William Waterhouse
A Naiad  1893  also known as Hylas with a Nymph - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Naiad 1893 also known as Hylas with a Nymph
John William Waterhouse
Ophelia  1910 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Ophelia 1910
John William Waterhouse
The Princess - Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S. - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Princess
Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S.
Ophelia  1889 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Ophelia 1889
John William Waterhouse
Salome with the Head of John the Baptist, 1882 - Jean Baptiste Hippolyte de Vergeses - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Salome with the Head of John the Baptist, 1882
Jean Baptiste Hippolyte de Vergeses
A New Friend - Sophie Gengembre Anderson - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A New Friend
Sophie Gengembre Anderson
The Lady Of Shalott - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Lady Of Shalott
John William Waterhouse
Miranda - The Tempest  1916 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Miranda - The Tempest 1916
John William Waterhouse
La Belle Dame Sans Merci study  1893 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
La Belle Dame Sans Merci study 1893
John William Waterhouse
Lady Jane Grey - Frederick Richard Pickersgill - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Lady Jane Grey
Frederick Richard Pickersgill
Love the Misleader 1889 - Evelyn Pickering De Morgan - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Love the Misleader 1889
Evelyn Pickering De Morgan

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Page 3 of 89   Paintings: 1065