The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were soon joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form a seven member "brotherhood".

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular, they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast, they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant-garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of mimesis, or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform-movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published a periodical, The Germ, to promote their ideas. Their debates were recorded in the Pre-Raphaelite Journal.

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Page 7 of 89   Paintings: 1065
Miranda  1875 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Miranda 1875
John William Waterhouse
At The Shrine - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
At The Shrine
John William Waterhouse
Phyllis and Demophöon 1870 - Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Phyllis and Demophöon 1870
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones
Dolce Far Niente  1879 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Dolce Far Niente 1879
John William Waterhouse
A Capri Witch, 1884-85 - Marianne Preindelsberger Stokes - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Capri Witch, 1884-85
Marianne Preindelsberger Stokes
Heart Of Snow - Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S. - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Heart Of Snow
Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S.
Salutation or The Visitation 1883 - Evelyn Pickering De Morgan - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Salutation or The Visitation 1883
Evelyn Pickering De Morgan
Orpheus And Eurydice Detail - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Orpheus And Eurydice Detail
George Frederick Watts
The Beguiling of Merlin - Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Beguiling of Merlin
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones
A Christmas Carol at Bracken Dene 1878-79 - Arthur Hughes - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Christmas Carol at Bracken Dene 1878-79
Arthur Hughes
Mrs  Burne Jones - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Mrs Burne Jones
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Snow Scene: Children Leaving School, c.1853 - Marc Louis Benjamin Vautier - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Snow Scene: Children Leaving School, c.1853
Marc Louis Benjamin Vautier

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Page 7 of 89   Paintings: 1065