The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were soon joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form a seven member "brotherhood".

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular, they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast, they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant-garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of mimesis, or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform-movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published a periodical, The Germ, to promote their ideas. Their debates were recorded in the Pre-Raphaelite Journal.

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Page 8 of 89   Paintings: 1065
Lady Godiva, c.1880 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Lady Godiva, c.1880
George Frederick Watts
Aspecta Medusa - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Aspecta Medusa
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Distant View of Nazareth - William Holman Hunt - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Distant View of Nazareth
William Holman Hunt
A Christmas Carol at Bracken Dene 1878-79 - Arthur Hughes - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Christmas Carol at Bracken Dene 1878-79
Arthur Hughes
A Parable of Love (or Love's Mirror) - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Parable of Love (or Love's Mirror)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
A Flower Market, Old Rome 1886 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Flower Market, Old Rome 1886
John William Waterhouse
Hope - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Hope
George Frederick Watts
A Spring Beauty - Sophie Gengembre Anderson - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Spring Beauty
Sophie Gengembre Anderson
A Scottish Baronial House  1907 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Scottish Baronial House 1907
John William Waterhouse
A Sick Child brought into the Temple of Aesculapius... - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Sick Child brought into the Temple of Aesculapius...
John William Waterhouse
Nymphs finding the Head of Orpheus  study  1900 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Nymphs finding the Head of Orpheus study 1900
John William Waterhouse
A Sea Ghost, 1887 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Sea Ghost, 1887
George Frederick Watts

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Page 8 of 89   Paintings: 1065