The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were soon joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form a seven member "brotherhood".

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular, they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast, they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant-garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of mimesis, or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform-movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published a periodical, The Germ, to promote their ideas. Their debates were recorded in the Pre-Raphaelite Journal.

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Page 89 of 89   Paintings: 1065
The Favourites of the Emperor Honorius study  1883 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Favourites of the Emperor Honorius study 1883
John William Waterhouse
The King's Orchard 1857-58, retouched in 1859 - Arthur Hughes - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The King's Orchard 1857-58, retouched in 1859
Arthur Hughes
Preaching of Jonah, c.1860 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Preaching of Jonah, c.1860
George Frederick Watts
The Rescue (right panel of diptych- location of lefthand... - Arthur Hughes - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Rescue (right panel of diptych- location of lefthand...
Arthur Hughes
Portrait of Edward Burne-Jones (1833-98), 1870 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Portrait of Edward Burne-Jones (1833-98), 1870
George Frederick Watts
The Return of Tibullus to Delia: study for Delia - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Return of Tibullus to Delia: study for Delia
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
The Artist's Father, c.1836 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
The Artist's Father, c.1836
George Frederick Watts
Pygmalion And The Image: II   The Hand Refrains - Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Pygmalion And The Image: II The Hand Refrains
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones
Self-Portrait - Maria Euphrosyne Spartali, later Stillman - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Self-Portrait
Maria Euphrosyne Spartali, later Stillman

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Page 89 of 89   Paintings: 1065