The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were soon joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form a seven member "brotherhood".

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular, they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast, they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant-garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of mimesis, or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform-movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published a periodical, The Germ, to promote their ideas. Their debates were recorded in the Pre-Raphaelite Journal.

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Page 9 of 89   Paintings: 1065
A Christmas Carol2 - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Christmas Carol2
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Nymphs finding the Head of Orpheus  study  1900 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Nymphs finding the Head of Orpheus study 1900
John William Waterhouse
Destiny  1900 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Destiny 1900
John William Waterhouse
A Roman Offering  1890 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Roman Offering 1890
John William Waterhouse
A Byway Ancient Rome 1884,  also known as Winding the... - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Byway Ancient Rome 1884, also known as Winding the...
John William Waterhouse
Mother and Child with a poppy - Frederick Richard Pickersgill - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Mother and Child with a poppy
Frederick Richard Pickersgill
'Isabella', a Portrait of Miss Arabella Prescott, 1857 - George Frederick Watts - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
'Isabella', a Portrait of Miss Arabella Prescott, 1857
George Frederick Watts
Day - Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S. - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Day
Edward Robert Hughes R.W.S.
A Sibyl (or The Cumaean Sibyl) - Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Sibyl (or The Cumaean Sibyl)
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones
Miranda, 1868 - Anthony Frederick Sandys - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Miranda, 1868
Anthony Frederick Sandys
A Tale from the Decameron 1916 - John William Waterhouse - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
A Tale from the Decameron 1916
John William Waterhouse
Elaine (or The Lily Maid of Astolat) - Sophie Gengembre Anderson - www.pre-raphaelite-brotherhood.org
Elaine (or The Lily Maid of Astolat)
Sophie Gengembre Anderson

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Page 9 of 89   Paintings: 1065